Kashmir has prospects and potential to excel in only few sectors of economy activity, Agrarian economy (Horticulture to be precise), tourism industry, handicrafts, and hydroelectric power production. Agriculture being directly related with subsistence and survival of mankind is the most vital of all. These sectors particularly agriculture needs to be emphasized for better harvest of maximum potential benefits.
Agriculture is a broad term derived from Latin words ‘Ager’ and ‘cultra’ meaning field and cultivation respectively, so Agriculture is cultivation of fields, and its allied sectors (subsidiaries) like Horticulture, Animal Husbandry, Apiculture (Bee keeping), mushroom cultivation etc.
Post independence arrangements exposed our system to a new era of egoistic; semi autocratic political system full of greed followed by an oligarchic system of governance. Under the garb of democracy this oligarchy practiced nepotism, favoritism and patronized corruption with new dimensions. A new breed of cronies, and opportunists started making place for them selves under this new dispensation. Taking full advantage of political instability, every so-called popular government raped the system of just and fair governance under the garb of democracy. Unscrupulous, corrupt people in the system of governance were vested with powers of planing and implementation, which in turn abused these powers, to create avenues for corruption and nepotism. Agriculture sector like other sectors was no exception and became susceptible to all this menace and was over run by this new pseudo democratic political system, where apparently soft spoken and kind but thick-skinned exploiters had created a niche for themselves
During Maharajas’ rule of exploitation a department was working to over look the development of agriculture sector and was run on European lines, but with limited activities like soil testing, introduction of new varieties in horticulture and scientific maintenance of Maharajas’ agrarian establishments. After independence (particularly after mid seventies) this department made lot of contribution in the development of agriculture and subsequent agrarian economy, but simultaneously it could not evade and resist the gradual inroads of politically sponsored unscrupulous ‘nepots’ of corrupt oligarch and its cronies and pals. Expansion of the department was necessary for the development of agriculture sector but the same was not done with honesty and judiciously, but keeping development of political constituencies in mind. Instead of creating required large scale basic infrastructure (Field laboratories, seed processing units, farm machinery, post harvest technology and human resource development centers) in rural areas, the hub of agrarian activity and technical man power, big administrative blocks with cozy offices in urban areas were constructed. Posts were created or tailor made for blue eyed progeny of politicians, bureaucrats, neo- riches and so called elite caring least for the requirement. Working conditions and service rules for human resource were changed and manipulated to suit few, giving rise to disparities, leading to lack of interest and withdrawal syndrome and ultimately culminating into inefficiency.